Naturopathic physicians (N.D’s/N.M.D’s) receive four years of post-graduate training in medical schools structured specially for them. The first two years of naturopathic medical school includes the same basic medical science courses and diagnostics required of their conventional counterparts, followed by a basic sciences board exam. The second two years combine clinical rotations with further classroom training, in order to expose the future naturopathic physician to the many additional modalities within his or her scope of practice. These modalities includes therapeutic nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture, natural childbirth, classical Chinese medicine, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulative therapy, pharmacology and minor surgery. A naturopathic physician takes rigorous professional board exams so that he or she may be licensed by a state or jurisdiction as a primary care general practice physician.
Additional information on naturopathic schools can be found at www.aanmc.org, as well as at http://alternativemedicineschools.net.